Important Facts about Landsat 9 Satellite
|Science Instruments:||OLI-2; TIRS-2|
|OLI-2 build:||Ball Aerospace & Technology Corp.|
|TIRS-2 build:||NASA Goddard Space Flight Center|
|Design Life:||5 years|
|Spacecraft Provider:||Northrop Grumman|
|Image Data:||> 700 scenes per day|
|Launch Date:||Sept. 27, 2021|
|Launch Vehicle:||United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401|
|Orbit:||near-polar, sun-synchronous at an altitude of 438 miles (705 km)|
|Spacecraft Speed:||16,760 mi/hr (26,972 km/hr),|
Landsat-9 is the latest remote sensing satellite of the Landsat series. which was launched on 27 September 2021 at 1:12 PM CST from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, on-board a United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401 rocket. It will continuously capture images of Earth’s surface, returning back data on natural and man-made changes to our planet. Landsat 9 largely replicates its predecessor Landsat 8 to reduce the build time and a risk of a gap in observations.
Landsat 9 has two science instruments, which are the same instruments as the Landsat 8 satellite but with some improvements.
Operational Land Imager-2 (OLI-2) for reflective band data.
OLI-2 has made by Ball Aerospace in Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A. Which will capture observations of the planet in visible, near-infrared and shortwave-infrared light. It is also a slightly improved signal-to-noise ratio over Landsat 8’s OLI.
Thermal Infrared Sensor-2 (TIRS-2) for the thermal infrared bands.
TIRS-2 will measure the thermal infrared radiation, or heat (brightness temperature), of Earth’s surfaces. The instrument was built at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. TIRS-2 will provide an upgraded version of the Landsat 8 TIRS instrument, by improving reliability and correcting known issues with stray light.
It is a Class-B instrument with a (05) five-year design life and a key improvement of stray light correction, an issue that was discovered on Landsat 8’s TIRS (Landsat 8’s TIRS is a Class-C instrument with a three-year design life).
- Landsat 9 has sophisticated imaging capability than earlier Landsat missions, which will allow for more valuable Earth observations.
- Both instruments have sensors with moderate spatial resolution—15 m (49 ft), 30 m (98 ft), and 100 m (328 ft) depending on spectral band—and the ability to detect a higher range in intensity than Landsat – 8. Landsat-9 will be placed in an orbit that it is (08) eight days out of phase with Landsat 8 to increase temporal coverage of observations.
Landsat 9 Spectral Properties
The Multispectral Scanner System (MSS) aboard Landsats 1–5 had four bands. The Thematic Mapper (TM) aboard Landsats 4 & 5 had seven bands. Landsat 7’s Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) has 8 bands and Landsats 8 & 9 have 11 bands. The atmospheric transmission values for this graphic were calculated using MODTRAN for a summertime mid-latitude hazy atmosphere (circa 5 km visibility).
Landsat 9 Band Combinations
Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) | Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS )
LANDSAT-5 & 4 Thematic Mapper (TM)
|Band 1||Visible blue||0.45 to 0.52 µm||30 meter|
|Band 2||Visible green||0.52 to 0.60 µm||30 meter|
|Band 3||Visible red||0.63 to 0.69 µm||30 meter|
|Band 4||Near-infrared||0.76 to 0.90 µm||30 meter|
|Band 5||Short-wave infrared||1.55 to 1.75 µm||30 meter|
|Band 6||Thermal||10.4 to 12.3 µm||120 meter|
|Band 7||Short-wave infrared||2.08 to 2.35 µm||30 meter|
Landsat 1-3 Multispectral Scanner (MSS)
|Band 4||Visible green||0.5 to 0.6 µm||60 meter|
|Band 5||Visible red||0.6 to 0.7 µm||60 meter|
|Band 6||Near-infrared||0.7 to 0.8 µm||60 meter|
|Band 7||Near-infrared||0.8 to 1.1 µm||60 meter|
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