India’s First Satellite 🛰 – Aryabhata
Dis-assembled mode tests of Aryabhatta (Photo Credit: ISRO )
India’s first satellite was the Aryabhata spacecraft, named after the famous Indian mathematician and astronomer. it was completely designed and fabricated in India by ISRO and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975.
|On board power||46 Watts|
|Payload||X-ray Astronomy Aeronomy & Solar Physics|
|Launch date||April 19, 1975|
|Launch site||Volgograd Launch Station|
(presently in Russia)
|Launch vehicle||C-1 Intercosmos|
|Orbit||563 x 619 km|
|Mission life||6 months(nominal), Spacecraft mainframe active till March,1981|
|Orbital Life||Nearly seventeen years|
(Re-entered on February 10,1992)
- It was a matter of pride for India that between 1976 and 1997 the first satellite image appeared on the reverse of Indian two rupee banknotes.