India’s First Satellite 🛰 – Aryabhata

Dis-assembled mode tests of Aryabhatta (Photo Credit: ISRO )

India’s first satellite was the Aryabhata spacecraft, named after the famous Indian mathematician and astronomer. it was completely designed and fabricated in India by ISRO and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975.

MissionScientific/ Experimental
Weight360 kg
On board power46 Watts
CommunicationVHF band
PayloadX-ray Astronomy Aeronomy & Solar Physics
Launch dateApril 19, 1975
Launch siteVolgograd Launch Station
(presently in Russia)
Launch vehicleC-1 Intercosmos
Orbit563 x 619 km
Inclination50.7 deg
Mission life6 months(nominal), Spacecraft mainframe active till March,1981
Orbital LifeNearly seventeen years
(Re-entered on February 10,1992)

  • It was a matter of pride for India that between 1976 and 1997 the first satellite image appeared on the reverse of Indian two rupee banknotes.

Source: Internet

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